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Sun Damage

It feels good to spend time in the sunshine, but it can take a toll on your skin.That’s because the sun gives off ultraviolet (UV) light that damages your skin and causes sunburn. Over time, these rays can lead to wrinkles, dark spots, and other problem areas. The result: You can add years to your looks. Research shows that UV exposure is the reason behind 80% of your skin’s ageing.

Ageing signs of sun damaged skin become visible from as early as the twenties, especially with excessive sun or environmental exposure. However between the ages of 35 to 49 years there is a sharp increase in prevalence of skin changes clearly ascribable to photo-ageing such as pigmented spots and sun damaged skin. Awareness of the damaging effect of UV radiation on the facial appearance and sun avoidance and protection before the age of twenty will help reduce the risks for developing sun damaged skin later in life.

Characteristics of facial sun damaged skin include fine and coarse wrinkle formation, pigmentation changes, sallow colour, dry texture, loss of elasticity, loss of skin tone, sagging subcutaneous tissues, underlying muscle hypertrophy and volume loss in the face.

Sun damaged skin is associated with a range of cosmetic concerns - from pigmentation problems and splotchy skin to redness due to enlarged vessels or capillaries, all causing discolouration of the skin.

How does sun exposure age our skin?

Without protection from the sun's rays, just a few minutes of exposure each day over the years can cause noticeable changes to the skin. Freckles, age spots, spider veins on the face, rough and leathery skin, fine wrinkles that disappear when stretched, loose skin, a blotchy complexion, actinic keratoses (thick wart-like, rough, reddish patches of skin), and skin cancer can all be traced to sun exposure.

The skin ages when the epidermis (outer layer of the skin) begins to thin, causing the junction with the dermis (outer layer) to flatten. Sun damaged skin has a thicker epidermis, which is "dead" and irregular. There is increased water loss from the skin and a decrease of the sebaceous glands, which provides natural moisture to the skin. More abnormal cells accumulate in aged skin, especially if there is chronic sun damage, which can lead to precancerous and cancerous lesions.

Scientific studies have shown that repeated ultraviolet (UV) exposure breaks down collagen and impairs the synthesis of new collagen. The sun also attacks our elastin. Sun damaged skin also causes chronic inflammation of the skin and an increase of elastin that clusters into thick bundles called solar elastosis. Collagen decreases as we age and the bundles of collagen, which gives the skin turgor, become looser and lose strength.

People with fair skin who have a history of sun exposure develop more signs of sun damage than those with dark skin .In people of colour, the signs of sun damage are usually limited to fine wrinkles, a mottled complexion and sagging of the mid-face leading to under eye bags.

The degree of sun damage can be classified as:

  1. 1. Mild (age 28-35 years): Few wrinkles, no actinic keratosis (tender red dry spots), requires little or no makeup.
  2. 2. Moderate (age 35-50 years): Early wrinkling, sallow complexion with early actinic keratosis( tender red dry spots), requires little makeup.
  3. 3. Advanced (age 50-60 years): Persistent wrinkling, discoloration of the skin with telangiectasia and actinic keratosis( tender red dry spots), always wears makeup.
  4. 4. Severe (age 65-70 years): Severe wrinkling, photo ageing, gravitational and dynamic forces affecting skin, actinic keratosis ( tender red dry spots) with or without skin cancer, wears makeup with poor coverage.

Treatments at Medisia :

What are Professional Peels ?

Professional chemical peels speed up skin cell turnover that makes them the skin resurfacing and exfoliation agents. The basic aim of professional peels is to replace the outer, dead layers of tired, and wrinkled skin to reveal the underlying areas of fresher, younger looking skin. It also promotes the generation of collagen in the skin.

How do professional peels work?

This peel uses a solution applied to the skin to remove dead skin cells and stimulate the production of new skin cells. It tightens the skin, reduces wrinkling, evens out any pigmentation and rejuvenates the skin.

How many types of peels are there?

There are various peels such as Sensitive Skin Peels, Mature Skin Peels, Youthful Skin Peels, Cosmelan and Chemical Peels. There are a variety of chemical peels ranging from the superficial depth peels to the deep ones, each for a different set of indications. Peels contain a form of acidic compounds (AHAs), glycolic acid, salicylic acid, lactic acid or trichloroacetic acid (TCA), or a combination of a few varieties.

What does the treatment demand?

Depending on your skin type and the desired results, our doctors may recommend a superficial, medium, or deep chemical peel. Next they will select the proper chemical or mix of chemicals (glycolic acid, salicylic acid or a TCA peel for instance) and apply the solution to various areas of skin. Once applied, the chemical produces a separation and peeling of the outer layers of the skin. This stimulates the production of new skin from beneath.

Is it for me ?

If you have Dull and Dark Skin, Sun Damaged Skin, Fine Lines and Wrinkle, Thin and Dark Lips, Stretch Marks or Ageing Body then professional Peels are for you.

What is Mesotherapy ?

Mesotherapy is a technique that uses injections of vitamins, enzymes, hormones, and plant extracts to rejuvenate and tighten skin, as well as remove excess fat. Michel Pistor, a doctor in France, developed the technique in 1952. It was originally used to relieve pain. In the years since, it has gained popularity in all parts of the world.

How does it work ?

Active ingredients used in Mesotherapy are introduced into the skin by small micro injections. The needles used in Mesotherapy are very short and thin so the doctor can deliver the medications to the right depth.Different mesotherapy ingredients are used for different indications.

What are the solutions used in Mesotherapy ?

There isn’t a standard formula for the substances injected in mesotherapy. Doctors use many different solutions, including:
  • Prescription medicines like vasodilators and antibiotics
  • Hormonal imbalance
  • Hormones such as calcitonin and thyroxine
  • Enzymes like collagenase and hyaluronidase
  • Herbal extracts
  • Vitamins and minerals
  • Clogging of pores

How long does the effect lasts ?

In addition, the long term results of Mesotherapy treatments are very dependent on what active ingredients are present in the Mesotherapy solution and how many treatments are prescribed.

Is it for me ?

Mesotherapy is most effective for Skin Sagging, Hair loss, Sun Damage Skin, Uneven Skin Tone and Pigmentation, Greying hair, Dry and Dull Hair, Breast and Stomach Sagging.

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