In this time of global warming, we are subject to constant and dramatic climate change, this takes a toll on our skin. Climate change, together with other natural and human-made health stressors, threatens human health and well-being in numerous ways. It especially affects the environment that provides us with clean air, food, and water. This leads to various skin problems too. Take for example your skin color, heavy exposure to the sun can lead to Skin pigmentation.
Skin pigmentation is of different types and they all demand different care. The different types of skin pigmentation are:
- Age Spots
Hyperpigmentation occurs when melanin is overproduced in certain spots on the skin.
Hyperpigmentation results in flat, darkened patches of skin that are light brown to black in color, and can vary in size and shape.
This condition can be broken down into two categories: passive pigmentation and post-inflammatory pigmentation. It is important to determine which type of pigmentation you are suffering from before further action.
Passive pigmentation occurs when an internal imbalance encourages the melanin-stimulating hormone. These imbalances can be caused by a number of things, but mainly only occur in women. This is due to hormonal changes through which women undergo such as puberty, pregnancy, taking the contraceptive pill, and menopause.
Post Inflammatory Pigmentation
PIH (post inflammatory pigmentation) is usually a result of the skin going through some type of trauma. When our skin feels under attack, our melanocyte cell sends melanin to the skin’s surface to protect itself.
PIH can be caused by:
- Misuse of skin care
- Burns, cuts or grazes
Now, Melasma is a common form of pigmentation that can be caused by either sun damage or hormonal changes. These conditions can be recognized as large, brown patches, most commonly on the cheeks, upper lip, the bridge of the nose and the forehead. The patches tend to darken over the summer months or during periods of high sun exposure.
Melasma can be triggered by higher levels of Oestrogen at certain times during the menstrual cycle, or as a result of sun exposure. Melasma most commonly affects women, with only around 18% of cases being male.
Another form of pigmentation is age spots. They usually occur as a result of damage to the skin from the sun’s rays. The small, dark spots are normally found on the hands and sometimes even the face, but any area exposed to the sun can be affected too.
Exposure to the sun’s rays and a daily onslaught of environmental elements, such as air pollution and the toxins in our food, all wreak havoc on our skin. These aggressors damage cell walls and connective tissues, resulting in the visible signs of aging we all see in our skin. Skin can look dull and lackluster, pigmentation and age spots start to appear and wrinkles become more prevalent.
However, here are a few things you can add to your diet that can help you reduce pigmentation naturally at home:
- Red onion
- Apple cider vinegar
Skin Pigmentation can be controlled to a certain degree at home, but if it ever gets out of hand, professional help is available at Medisia Aesthetics.